Common Health Problems in Dogs
Your dog can have some health conditions that can be serious, especially if you aren’t cautious about it. As a dog owner, be careful about some health issues that might affect your dog’s normal health. Some precautionary steps can minimize the incidence of these issues. It is recommended to watch your dog for any signs of illness to take further steps.
Here we listed five (05) common health problems in dogs:
- Joint Problems
Older dogs may experience a variety of joint issues like osteoarthritis, hip and elbow dysplasia, and patellar luxation. Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of joint pain and stiffness in older dogs. This degenerative disease results from the wear off of cartilage and loss of lubrication in the joints of shoulders, hips, and legs. Sadly, there is no cure for arthritis. Diet plays a significant role in reducing joint problems in dogs. A portion of healthy, nutrient-rich dog food contains methyl-sulfonyl-methane, glucosamine, and chondroitin that can prevent this condition. Regular walks and a balanced diet will keep your dog’s joint health. If the joint problem becomes severe, ask your veterinarian for further advice.
- Skin Problems
Many dogs are susceptible to a variety of skin issues like allergic dermatitis, mange, folliculitis, impetigo, ringworm, etc. Alopecia and itching are the typical signs of skin issues in dogs. The skin will become red, inflamed, flaky, or scaly. There will be a loss of hair. There are many reasons for the development of skin problems, such as allergies, parasites, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and more. An urgent visit to the vet is necessary before the condition becomes worse.
- Ear and Eye Problems
Ear and eye infections are more common in a dog of any age, causing deafness and blindness. Senior dogs are more prone to ear infections that result in discharge from the ear and continuously shaking their head. An ear infection is very much itchy and causes serious pain. While left untreated, this results in serious damage, even deafness. This may occur due to allergic conditions, hypothyroidism, or microbial infections. Certain breeds like Retrievers and Cocker Spaniels are prone to ear infection because of the anatomical shape of their ear canal and build-up of wax.
Many dogs are prone to eye diseases, especially entropion, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Other senior dogs are prone to developing cataracts that form over the lens of the eye and cause partial or complete blindness. A regular veterinary check-up is essential to avoid these problems in your dogs.
- Gastrointestinal Disorders
There are several gastrointestinal problems that can occur in your senior dog. Certain large and deep-chested breeds like Mastiff are prone to develop gastric dilatation and bloat. Vomiting and diarrhea are more common symptoms in any clinical case of infection or poisoning. Other signs of digestive diseases may include excessive drooling, constipation, regurgitation, loss of appetite, bleeding, abdominal pain and bloating, shock, and dehydration that requires veterinary care for the cure. These disorders are associated with a variety of infections with bacteria, viruses, parasites, medications, or even new foods.
Obesity is one of the major health problems seen in dogs. This may lead to serious health issues like diabetes, heart disease, and orthopedic problems. Obesity can be prevented through exercise and proper diet. According to the American Kennel Club, older dogs are more susceptible to become overweight because of their high energy diet and less activeness. A diet comprising low carb and low fat with regular physical activity can prevent this condition. It is important to check the diet according to the dog’s body weight.
Finally, these 5 common health problems in dogs can be preventable by taking necessary steps. A regular consultancy with your veterinary doctor may help your dog to become active and lead a healthy life.